The Social Distance Force Model


The Social Force Model has proven itself to be an efficient tool to study pedestrian dynamics, but the model has to be adapted to evolve with the societal change as a result of social distancing. Hence, this paper will uncover how the Social Force Model could be changed to include the social distancing measures and more accurately portray the current movements of pedestrians. In this paper, the original Social Force Model for pedestrian behaviour has been analysed and adapted to fit the new social distancing measures, and lay the foundations for the creation of the Social Distance Force Model. The main parts of the model have stayed the same, including the desired direction of motion, desired velocity, actual velocity, and the acceleration term, but somethings have been adapted or removed. The results of the analysis and foundation given can be used to create a fully functioning Social Distance Force Model. This model can be calibrated using experimental data and used to simulate pedestrian behaviour. In conclusion, this paper offers suggestions for the creation of a Social Distance Force Model based on an elaborate analysis of Helbing Molnar's Social Force Model.


Original Research



Publication date

February 2021


204 - 208